Different Types of Biryani You Need to Try
Who doesn’t love Biryani? It’s the favorite of all! Biryani has been satiating taste buds for centuries. Of all the culinary classics, biryani has a class of its own. This rich and flavorful dish comes with many renditions that feature variations on aromatic rice, meat, vegetable, and spices. But do you know how this irresistible dish originated and traveled from Persia to India and different parts of the world? Here is your guide to the Origin, History, and Types of Biryanis popular across the globe.
Origin and History of Biryani
The word ‘Biryani’ comes from the Persian word ‘Birian,’ which means ‘fried before cooking,’ and Birinj – the Persian word for rice.
There are different theories associated with the origin of Biryani.
- Some believe that Biryani has Indian roots in the simple rice and beef dish from the Hindu scripture Brihadaranyaka Upanishad around 700 BCE.
- Another theory is that it is an evolution of the ‘plov’ (rice pilaf) brought to the region by the Macedonian Alexander the Great around 327 BCE.
- While some say biryani was an inspired dish from the Middle East, another theory says that it was first brought to India by Taimur, the Turk-Mongol conqueror, in 1398.
However, most historians believe that it originated from Persia and was brought to India by the Mughals in the 16th century.
The Mughal Connection
There is a popular story on Biryani associated with Mumtaz Mahal, wife of Mughal emperor Shah Jahan. It is believed that when Mumtaz visited the army barracks, she found Mughal soldiers looking undernourished. So, she asked the chefs to prepare a dish with meat and rice to provide a balanced diet to the soldiers. Biryani was further developed by chefs in the Mughal royal kitchen using spices and saffron and then cooked over wood fire or charcoal in an earthen pot.
While the Mughals were the first to introduce biryani to North India, the Arabs exposed its brilliance to South India. Biryani flourished in some of the prominent Muslim centers of India, including Lucknow, old Delhi, and Hyderabad. It became a staple food among the Muslims of the Indian subcontinent. Even Nawabs of Lucknow and Nizams of Hyderabad were known for cherishing this royal delicacy. Soon after, it was embraced throughout the country.
Origin of Different Types of Biryanis
Over time, the mishmash of indigenous flavors and local ingredients led to the creation of different versions of biryani in every region of India. Eventually, it became one of the most popular dishes in South Asia. It is also prepared in other parts of the world, including Iraq, Saudi Arabia, Singapore, Malaysia, Thailand, and more. It is now a dish beyond cultures and has been incorporated into the majority of cuisines around the world.
Depending on the culture, biryani can be prepared in many different ways. Let us take a look at some of the most popular types of biryanis that you need to try.
10 Different Types of Biryanis Popular Across the Globe
This traditional Mughlai Biryani is made with perfectly spiced meat chunks and saffron rice that emanates an irresistible aroma. It tastes best with almond paste and dried fruit, just how royal Mughals liked it.
The famous Hyderabadi Biryani is believed to have originated after Emperor Aurangzeb appointed Niza-Ul-Mulk as the new ruler of Hyderabad. His chefs created almost 50 different versions using fish, shrimp, quail, lamb, and even deer meat.
Explore our range of vegetarian and non-vegetarian authentic Hyderabadi Biryanis that are our best sellers today:
- Hyderabadi Dum Chicken Biryani
- Hyderabadi Dum Lamb Biryani
- Hyderabadi Vegetarian Biryani
- Hyderabadi Chicken Biryani (Bone-In)
Lucknowi Biryani, also known as Awadhi Biryani, was widely influenced by the Nawabs of Awadh, who were of Persian origin. This Biryani is made in the ‘pukki’ style, in which meat and rice are cooked separately and then layered in a copper vessel for the finish.
Try our most delicious Dum Pukth Awadhi Chicken Biryani today!
Sindhi/ Memoni Biryani
This extremely spicy biryani is an integral part of the cuisine of Memons of the Gujarat and Sindh region of India and Pakistan. It uses fewer tomatoes and fewer elements of food coloring in the preparation as opposed to other versions. The main constituents of this truly exotic dish are rice, meat, vegetables, and spices.
This variant of biryani comes from Afghanistan. It makes stronger use of dry fruits and saffron for color in the preparation.
Sri Lankan Biryani
The traditional Indian Tamil Biryani has followed its way into Sri Lanka due to the huge Tamil population there. Buhari’s was the first shop to sell biryani, and that is how the Biryani is now known as Buryani in Sri Lanka. The Buryani is much spicier than any Indian variety.
Coming from Iran, this version of Biryani became immensely popular during the Safavid dynasty. It involves cooking meat in an oven with various spices and fruits, such as pomegranate, prunes, and raisins, and then serving it with steamed rice.
This dish is a Burmese alternative to Indian Biryani and tastes very similar. It derives its name from the Persian Dum Pukht.
Try our amazing Dum Pukth Biryani today!
This Indonesian version of Biryani is a fusion of many elements from different cuisines of its neighboring countries. It is made with rice, ghee, and meat and truly tastes unique.
Middle Eastern Biryani
Biryanis and Kebabs are staples in both India and the Middle East, given the similarities in their cuisines. However, their Biryanis differ as the Middle East people use more saffron than the Indians. Biryani is very popular in Iraq, Bahrain, and other Middle Eastern nations.
In addition to the above list, you may also come across other enticing versions of Biryani, which include Kolkata Biryani, Bombay Biryani, Bangalorean Biryani, Malabar Biriyani/ Thalassery Biryani, Ambur Biryani, Bhatkali Biryani, Dindigul Thalappakatti Biryani, Assamese Kampuri Biryani, Kashmiri Biryani, and many more.
Best Biryani in Sydney
Several restaurants serve Biryani in Sydney, Brisbane, Melbourne, Canberra, and other parts of Australia. But when it comes to the authentic taste of Biryani, nothing beats Kebabchi!
Craving for some Authentic Hyderabadi Biryani?
Order it Online Now from Kebabchi!
Ready-to-Eat Authentic Indian Food
At Kebabchi, we not only serve authentic Biryanis but also a whole range of freshly cooked, ready-to-eat food items, such as Kebabs, Curries, Desserts, and Meals for One. Try our products once and we bet you’ll come back for more!
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